Login to your account. How does Open Peer Review work? Open Dating abuse articles 2013 Review reports. The sample comprised subjects ages 18 to 21; mean age, For both females and males, non-physical dating violence victimization contributed to poor health. Both physical and emotional types of dating violence increase anxiety and depression in adolescent dating abuse articles 2013 and females [ 15 ].
Subjects who experienced both physical and psychological violence were at risk for poor health outcomes; exposed females had increased risk of depression symptoms, suicidal ideation, smoking, and adult violence victimization, and exposed males had increased risk of adult violence victimization. Females who experienced psychological violence only were also at dating abuse articles 2013 risk of heavy episodic drinking and adult violence victimization, and exposed males were at risk of antisocial behaviors, suicidal ideation, marijuana use, and adult violence victimization.
The assessment did not cover the range of violence types physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse recommended for dating abuse articles 2013 by the U. Studies of adults have more extensively parsed health effects by specific types of violence experienced in intimate relationships, including a consideration of the different violence types physical, sexual, and non-physical abuse recommended for assessment by the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [ 18 — 20 ]. Our study significantly adds to the literature on the health correlates of specific types of adolescent dating violence.
Yet, little is known about how excessive monitoring through mechanisms such as dating abuse articles 2013 phones or email relate to late adolescent health. The analytic sample comprised subjects ages 18 to 21 enrolled at The Ohio State University, recruited in two data collection efforts. Subjects completed a one-time only online survey to assess current health and retrospective dating violence histories from age 13 to 19 described below.
The recruitment procedures were as dating abuse articles 2013. Two follow-up reminders were sent by email, three and seven days after the initial email. The cumulative response rate at each recruitment email was dating abuse articles 2013 follows: Study 2conducted from May, to March,involved recruiting students ages 18 to 21 enrolled in four undergraduate Human Development and Family Science courses at The Ohio State University.
Through an introductory email which included the study description and survey link, instructors offered completing the survey as extra credit coinciding with the coverage of relationship-related topics in class. The over-distribution of females in dating abuse articles 2013 sample is consistent with the gender distribution in the Human Development and Family Science undergraduate program. The over-distribution of females in Study 2 recruited from undergraduate classes compared to Study 1 recruited through the university registrar represented the main difference between the two samples, with otherwise similar characteristics between the two samples due to our narrow eligibility dating abuse articles 2013 e.
To reduce response bias, subjects were first asked about health before they were asked about dating violence victimization. Asking subjects details about dating violence first, which could be dating abuse articles 2013 traumatic experience, could potentially cause bias in their responses to the health items; specifically, subjects might provide lower health ratings if the experience of completing the dating violence questions was traumatic [ 24 ].
The two questions included:. The two depression questions were scored as separate items, not as a composite measure; the response options for each question ranged from 0 not at all to 3 nearly every day. Binge drinking and smoking were assessed using questions from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System [ 47 ], including:. The cut point for frequent oral and dating abuse articles 2013 sex was defined as having five or more partners.
Anal sex was less common, so the definition included having had any anal sex. While these measures are likely to indicate sexual health risk from sexual transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy, they may not constitute equivalent risk. We used a method similar to the timeline follow-back interview to assess dating violence histories retrospectively from age 13 to 19 [ 48 — 50 ]. We previously used this method to document domestic violence and child abuse histories in more than 4, women and men [ 24 — 2651 — 57 ].
The timeline follow-back interview method has been used extensively to capture other risky health behaviors, such as drug and alcohol use [ 48 — 50 ]. We used memory prompts, such as asking the subject to remember the year they were in high school, to facilitate recall of the age that a relationship began and ended. After we asked subjects detailed questions about their three most recent partners, we asked about the total number of partners subjects had beyond those three from age 13 to We created the following exposure groups based on prior studies that have conceptually and empirically examined physical and sexual violence within a single category [ 23242766 ], and psychological abuse only in a separate category [ 16232467 ].
Subjects in this group could also have exposure to non-physical abuse. We included exposure to sexual pressure involving either or both verbal and physical coercion, as verbally coerced sexual acts have been shown to have lasting trauma for victims [ 2543 ]. Non-exposed subjects included those who reported never experiencing physical, sexual, or non-physical types of dating violence from age 13 to Using three questions from the Centers for Disease Control [ 4768 ], we asked about 1 whether subjects had ever been bullied between ages 13 and 19 1 question ; and 2 whether subjects experienced other types of abuse before age 18, including being punched, kicked, choked, or receiving a more serious physical punishment from a parent or other adult guardian 1 question and being touched in a sexual place or being forced to touch another person when they dating abuse articles 2013 not want to 1 question.
Characteristics of the study sample. The average age of subjects was
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